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Archive for the ‘Unit 4.4 A Southern Ranch’ Category

postheadericon Teaching Phonics Based Spelling: Intensive Intervention Strategies


As part of our Reading Street curriculum, we have 10 spelling words to read and write for each story. Students need to be able to have an understanding of the phonics rule, it's sound, it's spelling, and be able to decode and encode the word. 

When we begin a new story, I spend time talking about our new spelling words. I explain we are going to see our new spelling words. This week we are going to learn about igh and ie. 

I refer to my spelling pocket chart to begin my spelling lesson. 





This first thing I do is familarize my students with the words. I point to the igh and explain that the three letters igh say one sound, it says /i/. This sound is in the middle of the word. All the words that have igh have 3 sounds (except the word "high"). Let's take a look at my first word. It says "tight."


To make sure the students can give meaning to the word, I use the word in a sentence.

My old jeans from last year were too tight!


Let's sound out that word. /t/  /i/  /t/. As we sound out the word, I point to each of the letters in the word as I say their sounds. 

Then, using the finger spelling method from Project Read, we then practice finger spelling.  I throw the word out to the students, saying "TIGHT" They "catch" the word and begin to let out their sounds. As they do this, they lift up one finger, starting with their thumb, and let each sound out. When using their fingers, they can see that each word has three sounds. The beginning sound, middle sound, and ending sound. 

I do this for each word on the igh list. 


Then, I go over to the words with -ie. 

I remind the students this is a vowel team. There are two letters that say one vowel sound. This sound is /i/.

 I again go through the above process. 

1. Say the word, while pointing to the word in the pocket chart. 

2. I put the word in a sentence

3. Then, we finger spell the words. 

4. Review: igh is in the middle of our words and it says /i/. ie is at the end of our words and also says /i/.



The next day, the students come to my teacher table and I review the igh and ie sound.

Using spelling cards (see below to download them), I sort them with my students. I ask them to listen to the word. If we hear the long /i/ sound in the middle, we are going to place the card in the igh category. If we hear the long /i/ sound at the end of the word, we are going to place them in the -ie category. 

I read each word to the students. Each student helps me to place the card in the correct category. I ask students to tell me where I am going to sort the word and why it is under either igh or ie. 

Now, it is their turn. I pass out the cards to the students, so each student gets 2 cards.  Sometimes, I make two copies of the word cards, so that each student will get more cards to sort. They each read their card. Then, I ask them, "Where is the long /i/ sound? Is it in the middle or is it in the end? They answer and I ask them, "Should this card go under igh or -ie? Then, the student puts the card in the correct category and I go onto the next student. I go around the table until all cards have been sorted correctly. 

I give my students the opportunity to practice, so that they are reading the word, listening for sounds, and using language to explain where they hear the long /i/ sound. It also gives them  an opportuntiy to be out of their seat. They all love "being the teacher." It builds their confidence and, at the same time, it provides me an informal assessment of each student. 

(To download the PDF, click on the image below)

4.4 spelling cards


DAY THREE: Let's Build!

I love to work on word building with our spelling words. I believe if children can build it, they can read it! Below is an activity I did with my students. I cut out the letters below and modeled how to build words with igh. The students built their words on cookie sheets. Once they built a word, I had them share their word and I wrote their word on the board. Then, I took out the igh and gave them the ie and had them build words ending with ie. 

When they are comfortable building words and can do this independantly, I put word building out into a center for them to practice during the week. 


(To download the PDF, click on the image below)

word building

DAY FOUR: Let's Write!

Before we write our words, I review the long /i/ sound, along with igh and -ie. I do a quick sort (See Day 2) and I am ready to begin!

Using my pocket chart, which has the cards sorted, I begin by explaining the the /i/ sound, when in the middle of a word has three letters that make one sound. I practice a few words using Finger Spelling, so that the students can see the sound in the middle, as well as hear the sound as they finger spell along with me. 

Let's practice writing! I am only going to teach the igh words. 

Let's practice the word: tight. 

I finger spell the word /t/  /i/ /t/. I hear three sounds! But, we know the word has more than three letters. The beginning sound is the letter t, the middle sound has 3 letters, igh, and the end sound in another t. As I explain this, I write the word on my board. I continue to go through each word the same way. As, I write the word, each of my students write the word on their paper. I have them underline or highlight the igh in each word. 

When I am done with igh words, I then teach the -ie words the same way. These words have two sounds, buy there are three letters. The letters -ie make the  /i/ sound when at the end of the word. 

The following day, I have some sort of spelling center to reinforce what we have done at the teacher table. 



Now that the students have a solid understanding of the sounds, it is time to practice spelling those words on paper. Today, I simply review what I have been doing at my teacher table all week and work mostly on writing our words. Sometimes, I use white boards and sometimes I use paper to practice our spelling. Today, is practice spelling test day. I do this by reading the word, putting the word in a sentence, and finger spelling the word. I finger spell the words, so that the students can hear and place the sounds correctly when writing the word. 

When we have completed the practice test, I correct each student's practice test. If they have a word incorrect, I spell the word on their paper and review the sounds and letters in the word. Then, I have them write the word a few times on their paper. By the time they are done, they can verbally spell the word to me. 



Our school runs on a six day cycle. So, Day 6 is our assessment day. I use this time to assess the students with the good ol' spelling test. 



To learn more about the Project Read Curriculum, 

Click on the image below:



postheadericon A Southern Ranch: Activities and Resources for the Classroom






Here are several teacher table and center activities for you to use in the classroom. Scroll down to see all the acitvities under the designated skills. 



Click on the image below to download this file for FREE at Teachers Pay Teachers. 





Click on the image below to download this file for FREE at Teachers Pay Teachers. 





I have a pocket chart where I keep these cards for the week. I also use them in centers and I use them when practicing ABC order. When teaching the words, I use them to sort, I use them to teach phonics skills, and I use them for encoding. 

4.4 spelling cards



I used this activity at my teacher table. When the students were comfortable with their words and could build words easily, I put this into an independent center. I also provided lined paper for the students to write their words as they built them. 

a southern ranch word building



I also used this activity to sort middle sounds and end sounds in words. 

Click on the image below to download this file for FREE at Teachers Pay Teachers. 



A Word Sort for extra practice




I Have, Who Has?

Every student loves playing this game! We start off reading the words slowly and build speed throughout the week. By the end of the week, the kids can play this game in just a few minutes!





4.4 High Frequency cards



I used this at my teacher table to sort the words by their beginning sounds using kn- and wr-. 

kn and wr words



This graphic organizer was great! I used this at my teacher table to talk about main idea. We read the story, did some guided reading, and then we filled in the graphic organizer together. We worked together to come up with a solid main idea.  The next day, the students had to fill in the three details at their independent center. I then did some basic editing with the students and asked them to write their final draft.



If you are looking for more practice with Main Idea. 

Click on the image below to download this from Teachers Pay Teachers for Free. 


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